On the morning of 25 July 1813 Sir Lowry Cole, with 13,000 men, was attacked by 40,000 Frenchmen and held the pass for four hours. This was the opening French move in Wellington's Battle of the Pyrenees.
I have always found this campaign to be one of the most difficult of all of Wellington's campaigns to understand. It would take two visits and many hours walking the various battlefields to begin to understand.
This week's Walking Napoleonic Battlefields recalls our first visit in 1995. You can read about it here: